MAC OSX Leopard keyboard shortcuts

1

Cmd-C

Copy files

2

Cmd-V

Paste files

3

Option-Drag

Copy files to new location

4

Cmd-Drag

Move and auto-align icons

5

Cmd-Delete

Delete

6

Cmd-Option-Drag

Make alias

7

Cmd-Shift-Delete

Empty trash

8

Cmd-Shift-Option-Delete

Empty trash without warning

9

Tab

Select next field

10

Shift-Tab

Select previous field

11

Return

Perform default action

12

Escape

Close dialog box

13

Page Up

Scroll up list

14

Up Arrow

Select item above

15

Page Down

Scroll down list

16

Down Arrow

Select item below

17

Cmd-Shift-G

Open ‘Go to Folder’ dialog

18

Cmd-Period[.]

Close dialog box

Exposé, Space, Dashboard and the System

19

F8

Toggle Space

20

Shift-F8

Toggle Space in slow motion

21

F9

Show all open windows

22

Shift-F9

Show all open windows in slow motion

23

F10

Show all open windows for an application

24

Shift-F10

Show all open windows for an application in slow motion

25

F11

Hide all windows

26

Shift-F11

Hide all windows in slow motion

27

F12

Open/close Dashboard

28

Shift-F12

Slowly open/close Dashboard

29

Option-Mouse Hover

Reveal the close button of widget

30

Shift-Click Close Button

Animate closing widget in slow motion

31

Cmd-H

Hide application

32

Cmd-Option-H

Hide other applications

33

Cmd-Q

Quit application

34

Cmd-Shift-Q

Quit all applications and log out

35

Cmd-Option-Shift-Q

Log out without warning

36

Cmd-Tab

Switch to next application

37

Cmd-Shift-Tab

Switch to previous application

38

Option-Drag

Adjust volume (on sound volume slider)

39

Cmd-Drag

Arrange menu bar items

40

Option-Click

Switch window and hide current window

41

Control-Click

Open contextual menu

42

Cmd-Control-D

See word definition (with mouse hover)

Issue: Freeze

43

Cmd-Period[.]

Stop process

44

Cmd-Option-Escape

Open Force Quit

45

Power Key

Turn off

46

Cmd-Option-Shift-Power Key

Force shut down

47

Cmd-Control-Power Key

Force restart

Full Keyboard Access

48

Control-F1

Turn on/off full keyboard access

49

Control-F2

Focusing menu bar

50

Control-F3

Focusing Dock

51

Control-F4

Move to next window

52

Control-F5

Move to toolbar

53

Control-F6

Move to a floating window

54

Control-F7

Toggle keyboard access mode

55

Control-F8

Focusing status menu in menu bar

56

Cmd-Accent[`]

Switch to next window within application

57

Cmd-Shift-Accent[`]

Switch to previous window within application

58

Cmd-Option-Accent[`]

Move to sidebar

59

Cmd-Option-T

Toggle on/off character palette

Finder

60

Cmd-Click on Title

See the path enclosing folders

61

Cmd-Double-Click (on folder)

Open folder in new window

62

Option-Double-Click (on folder)

Open folder in new window and close current window

63

Cmd-1

Switch to icon view

64

Cmd-2

Switch to list view

65

Cmd-Option-Right Arrow

Expand folder

66

Left Arrow

Close folder

67

Cmd-Down Arrow

Open selected folder

68

Cmd-Option-Down Arrow

Open selected folder in new window and close current folder

69

Cmd-Shift-Option-Down Arrow

Open selected folder in new window and close current folder in slow motion

70

Cmd-Up Arrow

Show enclosing folder

71

Cmd-Option-Up Arrow

Show enclosing folder and close current folder

72

Cmd-3

Switch to column view

73

Cmd-4

Switch to coverflow view

74

Cmd-Y

Toggle Quick Look mode

75

Cmd-Option-Y

Toggle Slideshow mode

76

Cmd-Shift-H

Open home folder

77

Cmd-Option-Shift-Up Arrow

Move focus to Desktop

78

Cmd-Shift-I

Open iDisk

79

Cmd-Shift-D

Open Desktop

80

Cmd-Shift-C

Open Computer area

81

Cmd-Shift-K

Open Network

82

Cmd-Shift-A

Open Applications

83

Double-Click on Title

Minimize window

84

Cmd-M

Minimize window

85

Option-Click on button

Apply action to all windows in active application

86

Hold-Scroll Bar

Scroll quickly

Search: Spotlight

87

Cmd-Spacebar

Activate/deactivate Spotlight

88

Cmd-Option-Spacebar

Open Spotlight window

89

Cmd-Return

Open the top hit

90

Cmd-Down Arrow

Move to next category

91

Cmd-Up Arrow

Move to previous category

92

Cmd-Click

Open selected item in Finder

93

Escape

Close Spotlight

Utility: Print Screen

94

Cmd-Shift-3

Take snapshot of the whole screen

95

Cmd-Shift-4

Take snapshot of the selected area

96

Cmd-Shift-4-Spacebar

Take picture of a window

97

Escape

Cancel

98

Hold Spacebar after Drawing the region

Move the selected area

99

Hold Option

Resize selected area

100

Hold Shift

Resize selected area horizontally or vertically

Application: Dock

101

Drag the separator

Resize Dock

102

Option-Drag

Resize Dock to fixed size

103

Control-Click

Show Dock’s contextual menu

104

Control-Click on icon

Show item’s contextual menu

105

Cmd-Click

Open the icon’s enclosing folder

106

Option-Click

Switch to another and hide current application

107

Cmd-Option-Click

Switch to another application and hide all other applications

108

Cmd-Option-Drop

Force application to open files

109

Cmd-Option-D

Hide/unhide Dock

Preference: Universal Access

110

Cmd-Option-8

Turn zoom on/off

111

Cmd-Option-Equal[=]

Zoom in

112

Control-Scroll Up

Zoom in

113

Cmd-Option-Hyphen[-]

Zoom out

114

Control-Scroll Down

Zoom out

115

Cmd-Option-Control-8

Invert color (try this on those iMacs in Apple Store)

116

Control-Option-Cmd-Comma[,]

Reduce contrast

117

Control-Option-Cmd-Period[.]

Increase contrast

118

Cmd-F5

Toggle VoiceOver

119

Shift-Shift-Shift-Shift-Shift (5 times)

Toggle Sticky Keys

120

Option-Option-Option-Option-Option (5 times)

Toggle mouse keys

Boot: Start Up

These shortcuts only available during start up.

121

Shift

Prevent automatic login

122

Shift

Enter safe mode (hold down after startup tone and release after you see the progress indicator)

123

Shift

Prevent opening Login Items (after login)

124

C

Boot from CD

125

N

Boot from default NetBook disk

126

T

Start up in Target Disk Mode

127

Option

Select startup disk

128

Cmd-X

Start up using Mac OS X

129

Hold Mouse Button

Eject removable discs

130

Cmd-Option-P-R

Reset parameter RAM

131

Cmd-V

Verbose mode (detailed status message)

132

Cmd-S

Single user mode

Browser: Safari

133

Cmd-Option-F

Move to Google Search Box

134

Option-Up Arrow

Scroll Up

135

Option-Down Arrow

Scroll Down

136

Cmd-Click Link

Open in new tab and stay in current tab

137

Cmd-Shift-Click Link

Open and go to new tab

138

Cmd-Option-Click Link

Open in new window

139

Option-Click Close Button

Close other tabs

140

Cmd-Shift-]

Select next tab

141

Cmd-Shift-[

Select previous tab

142

Cmd-Shift-H

Go to homepage

143

Cmd-Shift-K

Toggle Block Pop-up Windows

144

Cmd-Option-E

Empty Cache

145

Cmd-Option-R

Reload page without Caching

146

Cmd-F

Search term in webpage

147

Cmd-M

Minimize Safari

148

Shift-Click Button

Animate slow motion effect

149

Cmd-Plus[+]

Increase font size

150

Cmd-Hyphen[-]

Reduce font size

151

Cmd-0

Original font size

Music: iTunes

152

Return/Space

Play

153

Option-Right Arrow

Select next album

154

Option-Left Arrow

Select previous album

155

Cmd-Right Arrow

Play next song

156

Cmd-Left Arrow

Play previous song

157

Option-Click on Shuffle Button

Reshuffle

158

Cmd-Option-Down Arrow

Mute

159

Cmd-E

Eject CD

160

Cmd-T

Turn on/off visualizer

161

Cmd-F

Turn on/off full screen mode

162

Cmd-1

View iTunes window

163

Cmd-2

View equalizer mode

Terminal

164

Double-Click

Select word

165

Triple-Click

Select line

166

Drag item to Terminal

Add the complete path to that item

167

Cmd-N

Create new shell window

168

Cmd-Shift-N

Enter new command

169

Cmd-Shift-K

Connect to a server

170

Cmd-Option-S

Save text

171

Cmd-Option-Shift-S

Save selected text

172

Cmd-I

Show terminal inspector

173

Cmd-T

Create new tab

174

Control-C

Break

Mail: Hello from Cupertino

175

Cmd-N

New message

176

Cmd-Shift-N

Get new mail

177

Cmd-Option-N

Open new viewer window

178

Cmd-0

Open activity window

179

Cmd-Shift-Y

Add senders to address book

180

Cmd-E

Use selected text to find

181

Cmd-C while selecting message

Copy entire text of a message

182

Cmd-Click on upper-right corner toolbar button

Switch different toolbar display

183

Cmd-Single Quote[‘]

Increase quote level

184

Cmd-Option-Single Quote[‘]

Decrease quote level

185

Cmd-Shift-E

Redirect message

186

Cmd-Shift-F

Forward message

187

Hold Option when deleting message

Prevent next message from being automatically marked as read

188

Cmd-Shift-R

Reply to all

189

Cmd-Shift-B

Bounce to sender

190

Cmd-Shift-T

Convert message to rich text or plain text

191

Cmd-Left Brace[{]

Align left

192

Cmd-Vertical Bar[|]

Align center

193

Cmd-Right Brace[}]

Align right

194

Cmd-Colon[:]

Check spelling

195

Cmd-Semicolon[;]

Flag misspelling of selected word

Front Row

196

Cmd-Esc

Open/close Front Row or return to previous menu

197

Spacebar, Return

Select item in a menu

198

Up Arrow, Down Arrow

Change volume

199

Right Arrow, Left Arrow

Go to next or previous selection

Address Book

200

Cmd-1

View card and columns

201

Cmd-2

View only card

202

Cmd-3

View directories

203

Cmd-Right Bracket[‘]’]

Next card

204

Cmd-Left Bracker[‘[‘]

Previous card

205

Cmd-Vertical Line[|]

Merge selected cards

206

Cmd-Backslash[]

Set as company card

Image Editor: Adobe Photoshop

207

Cmd-Shift-M

Edit in ImageReady

208

Cmd-Option-W

Close all

209

Cmd-Option-S

Save as

210

Cmd-Option-Shift-S

Save for Web

211

Cmd-Option-Shift-I

File info

212

Cmd-Option-P

Print with Preview

213

Cmd-Option-Shift-P

Print one copy

214

Cmd-Shift-F

Fade

215

Cmd-Shift-C

Copy merged

216

Cmd-Shift-V

Paste into

217

Shift-F5

Fill with color

218

Cmd-Shift-T

Transform Again

219

Cmd-Option-Shift-K

Show keyboard shortcuts

220

Cmd-L

Adjust levels

221

Cmd-M

Adjust curves

222

Cmd-B

Adjust color balance

223

Cmd-U

Adjust hue/saturation

224

Cmd-Option-C

Change canvas size

225

Cmd-Shift-N

Create new layer

226

Cmd-J

Layer via copy

227

Cmd-Shift-J

Layer via cut

228

Cmd-Option-G

Create/release clipping mask

229

Cmd-G

Group layers

230

Cmd-Shift-E

Merge visible

231

Cmd-Shift-I

Select inverse

232

Cmd-Option-A

Select all layers

233

Shift-F6

Select feather (Cmd-Option-D has been assigned to hide Dock)

234

Cmd-Option-V

Filter vanishing point

235

Cmd-Plus[+]

Zoom in

236

Cmd-0

Fit on screen

237

Cmd-Option-0

Display actual pixels

238

Cmd-Single Quote[‘]

Show grid

239

Cmd-Semicolon[;]

Show guides

240

Cmd-R

Show rulers

 Taken from: UsingMac.com

Top 15 tips Vista

1. If you hate the look of Aero, click Start/Control Panel/Themes and you can choose a non-Aero theme, such as Windows Classic.

2. Windows Vista‘s installer can detect serial-ATA (SATA) drives without the need to provide a driver diskette. Don’t bother creating a diskette for your SATA drives before you install Vista.

3. If, for some reason, the Vista installation gets interrupted due to an unintentional shutdown or reboot, start the computer without booting the Vista DVD. Windows Vista’s installer should pick up where it left off. If it does-n’t, then restart the installation over from scratch.

4. When you perform a search with Vista’s new, instant search feature, you can save the search in a special folder. This powerful feature allows you to create a virtual folder which, by default, is saved in your \Searches folder. Every time you open such a folder, the search results are updated.

5. In Windows Vista, you can add additional clocks to the system tray. Click the clock, and then click Date and Time Settings. Click the Additional Clocks tab. You can add one or two additional clocks to the tray and select their time zones.

6. You can save your progress in most of the games included with Windows Vista—even the carry-overs from earlier versions of Windows.

7. You can create XML documents, which are more secure than regular text files or even word processor docs. Just create a document in a word processor, print it via the options menu, and select the XPS printer.

8. If you upgrade your graphics card in preparation for Windows Vista, be sure to get a new card with as much local memory as possible. Since Windows Vista renders everything—even the desktop and windows them-selves—as 3D surfaces, local 3D memory greatly improves performance…sometimes even more than a more powerful GPU.

9. Windows Vista games deposit their saves into a special directory, called Saved Games, in your personal folder. In theory, that will make upgrading to a new system much easier for gamers, who like to migrate their game saves.

10. When using the Help system, it’s usually advantageous to includeMicrosoft‘s online database in your search. The online/offline status of your search is located on the bottom right of the Help window. You can click it to toggle.

11. The Games folder is a powerful repository of all things gaming. From within, you launch games, update games with the latest patches, enable parental controls to protect younger users from harmful content, and more. Invoke it by clicking Start/Games.

12. Several applications are available to help you tweak Windows Vista for maximum performance. They in-clude TweakVI (www.totalidea.com), TweakVista (www.tweakvista.com/tweakvistautility), and VistaBootPRO (www.vistabootpro.org). And don’t forget about Windows ReadyBoost, which lets you use a removable flash memory drive to boost system memory.

13. Do you use the icon in the upper left corner of system and application windows? A quick double-click closes the window (instead of a single click on the X at the upper right). Though Microsoft left the icon out in Vista, the function remains.Sarah Pike

14. In Microsoft Windows Explorer, you can use column headers (Name, Size, and so on) to sort files. Savvy users may right-click on a column head to remove items or add some—say, Dimensions for images. There are around 45 such columns available in Windows XP. Windows Vista has well over 250, covering a multitude of metadata.—Sarah Pike

15. If you’ve become used to surfing your Program Menu to get to applications, you’ll be in for a shock when you first use Microsoft Windows Vista. The new Program Menu shows you only recently used applications and requires extra clicks to navigate to submenus. This can be very frustrating but, thankfully, the Search box Microsoft has added to the Start menu is a great replacement—as long as you’re an accurate typist. As quickly as you can type, it returns intelligent results in apps, files, even e-mail messages.